Students often ask what is a arithmetic in math. Arithmetic is a branch of mathematics that deals with the operation of numbers.12 – 25 = -13. These operations include addition(+), subtraction(-), multiplication(*) and division(/).

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## What is arithmetic in math?

Arithmetic is a branch in math’s that deals with the operation of whole numbers like 1,25,100 or even 6,000,000,000.

## The Four Basic Operations:

### Addition (+) in arithmetic

In arithmetic, Addition is the process of combining two or more numbers to find their total.

Example:

5 + 7 = 12

Explanation: Adding 5 and 7 gives us a sum of 12.

Subtraction (-) in arithmetic

Subtraction involves finding the difference between two numbers in Arithmetic in math

Example:

10 − 4 = 6

Subtracting 4 from 10 results in a difference of 6.

### Multiplication (*) in arithmetic

Multiplication is the repeated addition of a number by itself or another number.

Example: 3 × 4 = 12

Multiplying 3 by 4 yields a product of 12.

### Division (/) in arithmetic

Division is the process of distributing a quantity into equal parts.

Example: 16 ÷ 2 = 8

Dividing 16 by 2 gives us a quotient of 8.**Order of Operations:**

Arithmetic follows a specific order of operations to ensure consistent and accurate results. The mnemonic “PEMDAS” helps remember the sequence: Parentheses, Exponents, Multiplication and Division (from left to right), and Addition and Subtraction (from left to right).

**Negative Numbers**

Arithmetic extends to negative numbers, introducing concepts like adding a negative number (subtracting) and subtracting a negative number (adding).

**Word Problems**

Arithmetic is not just about manipulating numbers but also about solving real-world problems. Word problems often involve using arithmetic to calculate distances, times, prices, and more.

**Fractions and Decimals**

Arithmetic extends to fractions and decimals, where the same four operations apply. Understanding how to manipulate fractions and decimals is crucial in various mathematical applications.